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Basic Concepts of Data Protection in The EU

What are the basic concepts of data protection in the EU? This article is a concise and practical guide to the main concepts of data protection in the EU. Also, easy to read style, it provides a firm grounding in the subject area and highlights the latest developments with clear and insightful commentary. So, read more. 

Data Protection in The EU

The purpose of this is to protect individuals’ fundamental rights and freedoms concerning their data, such as privacy and the right to protection of personal data. Also, this has been in force since 25 May 2018 and all companies that process personal data must comply with it. 

Some companies need to comply with other laws and regulations that are relevant to their business, such as e-privacy or cookie legislation. Other relevant laws and regulations are e-privacy, cookie legislation, and the GDPR.

GDPR is the abbreviation for General Data Protection Regulation. Also, it is a European Union regulation that regulates how organizations should handle personal information about individuals in the European Union. It is the most important law for protecting privacy rights in the EU.

The GDPR is applicable from 25 May 2018. Also, it replaces the Data Protection Directive of 1995 by establishing a single data protection law across all EU member states.

Current Data Protection Legislation in The EU

The current EU data protection legislation is the Data Protection Directive of 1995, but it will be the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) on 25 May 2018. It applies to the processing of personal data by both public and private organizations including companies, government agencies, and nonprofit organizations. 

The GDPR has been set up to strengthen and unify data protection for all individuals within the European Union. Also, it recognizes the importance of balancing the fundamental rights of individuals with the prerogatives of businesses and public authorities. 

Key Changes in The EU’s New Data Protection Legislation

The new data protection legislation will affect everyone: 

  • individuals, 
  • businesses, 
  • public authorities, and 
  • any other organization that processes or holds personal data. 

Data Protection in The EU: Who Is Covered? 

The GDPR will apply to all companies that process personal data. Also, this includes organizations located outside the EU if they collect or monitor data about individuals within the EU. 

It is important to note that it does not matter whether a business holds data relating to employees, customers, suppliers, or anyone else. Also, the business doesn’t need to be within the EU. 

Principles

One of the main principles of the GDPR is that it treats all organizations—regardless of their size or location—in the same way. In addition, regardless of where in the world an organization is located, it must comply with the EU’s data protection rules. 

The EU’s Data Protection Legislation has been in the UK following its exit from the EU. However, this will change on 25 May 2018 when the General Data Protection Regulation comes into force. 

Conclusion

The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), governs how personal data of individuals in the EU may be processed and transferred. Also, the EU regulation requires all organizations, public and private, that process the personal data of people in the EU to put into place.

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